Python String split() Method

Python provides the string type which is a variable or value in order to store multiple characters. This can be also called the string is used to store text data. As a popular type, the string type provides a lot of methods where in order to split string according to different cases the split() method is provided.

String split() Method Syntax

The split() method has the following syntax.

STRING.split(SEPARATOR,MAX_SPLIT)
  • STRING is the string value or string variable.
  • SEPARATOR is the single or multiple separator characters used to split given STRING. This parameter is optional.
  • MAX_SPLIT is the number of the maximum slit count. This parameter is optional.

The split() method returns the splited items as a list.

Split with Whitespaces

By default, we can use the split() method without providing any parameter like separator or max split. This will split the given string into items in a list where the whitespace is the separator.

sentence = "I like pythontect"

items= sentence.split()

print(items)



print("I like pythontect".split())

The output will be like below.

['I', 'like', 'pythontect']
['I', 'like', 'pythontect']

Split with Different Characters

By default, the split() method implicitly specifies the separator character as whitespace. But we can specify different characters as split or separator characters this can be a single character or multiple characters.

sentence = "I#like#pythontect"

items = sentence.split("#")

print(items)


print("I,,like,,pythontect".split(",,"))

Specify Split Count

By default, the given string variable or string value will be split with all items. But alternatively, we can specify the split count where only a given number of items will be split and returned as a list.

sentence = "I#like#pythontect"

items = sentence.split("#",1)

print(items)


print("I,,like,,pythontect".split(",,",1))

The output will be like below.

['I', 'like#pythontect']
['I', 'like,,pythontect']

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